how do you find out all the information that allows you to write
a specification that says what you should do, what effect it might
have on the environment, what the best manufacturing process is
and so on well that's where the research comes in .
now for the RESEARCH.
now you know what you are aiming to do within your project you
can decide what to research. Lots of areas will present
themselves to you. Nearly everything is made to be handled
or used by humans and so are made to a particular size and weight.
If you are making a toy you will need to check out ANTHROPOMETRICS
- the study of the sizes and shapes that people are.
Think of interesting ways to present your results.
you need Packaging ?
you plan on producing packaging for a product you will need to
check out what materials other people have used and how the products
are manufactured. Are there any environmental issues you should
be mentioning about any of the materials that are used.
Does the packaging successfully achieve the main purposes associated
with it : Preserving,
What sort of cost implications will there be as the numbers of
items that are produced increase ?
the 'keyword' - ANALYSE
you analyse packaging check out what is required by law. Look
at font styles used and the way in which colour increases the
impact of designs aimed at attracting customers. Check out
'colour theory' and how things are printed - the four
colour print process.
with colour goes the study of fonts - typefaces that could be
used and would be suitable for your project Lots to do - and
the research leads to a final specification ..
every topic you could possibly think of will need research into
colour. You can check out how colour is perceived - what associations
are made by using different colours ( see the A-Z section on this
site ) and remember the 4-colour print process is based on 'subtractive
colour theory' - check out the a-z
out how well items are designed for use - how successfully they
are adapted to our shape and size is the field of ERGONOMICS.
These designs shown here were done as a preliminary study for
redesigning the handles on craft knives. Not only was shape looked
at but surfaces that are good to grip; those giving a non-slip
surface, were examined. Inspiration? Check out 'nature' .