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So.. Cameras evolved from being a new ‘invention’ explored by
the gentry and have gradually became more accessible to a wider
market especially through the developments in film emulsions
and in the backing used to support the emulsion. The
size of cameras has become smaller as manufacturing
techniques and skills - as well as changes in design
Demanded by changing markets have occurred.
Two rivals for the smallest camera
A modern professional studio camera with the same features seen in the earlier wooden camera shown at the start of this review.
It has the lens, alight-tight central section and a place for the film to be inserted at the back
A folding camera that can also be seen to be broken down into the three section of the basic camera. It has the lens - with a series of controls for the shutter and aperture - but now since this is intended to be carried around (folded up into its folded state) there is no way of seeing directly what is being taken. The camera has a wire-frame viewfinder that gives a guide to the area that will be seen by the lens and therefore included in the photograph.
A ‘Press-camera’ used throughout the 1950’s into the 1960’s showing the same - lens, bellows section and assembly at the back for the film. The wire-frame viewfinder is still used as press photography often required a ‘quick-framing’ approach rather than a carefully composed and planned image.
George Eastman popularised photography by making the first cameras using 'rolls' of film. This was in 1888, with cameras having sufficient film for 100 exposures. When launched, the cameras were effectively maintained by Kodak since the company took the whole camera back to process the films. Kodak’s slogan was 'You press the button, we do the rest.'. The customer than had the camera returned with their photographs and reloaded with film at a cost of about £5 ($10).
Popular photography had arrived