George Stephenson and his son Robert made many remarkable contributions to railway developments in the early years of the 1800s. In 1823, in partnership with Edward Pease, they set up their company Robert Stephenson & Company in Newcastle. Over the years they built a large proportion of the world’s early locomotives, the most well known being The Rocket which won the “Rainhill Trials” in 1829. It was this success which established the Stephenson’s reputation.
George Stephenson, known as “Father of the Railways” is recognised as a genius in locomotive engineering. His rail gauge of 1435mm ( 4 Feet 8.5 inches) is the world’s standard gauge. After forming their company in 1833, he and his son worked closely together and it is often difficult to separate their works. In 1838 George Stephenson went into partnership with George Hudson and James Sanders and opened coalmines, ironworks and limestone quarries near Chesterfield. He also owned a small farm where he experimented with stock breeding and animal feeds. He died in 1848.